Rigid Body Properties

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In Motive, the Rigid Body Properties pane can be accessed under the View tab or by clicking Tb14.png icon on the main toolbar.

Rigid Bodies pane is used to set the default creation settings for newly added rigid bodies. For adjusting properties for existing assets, select the asset in the Project Pane and use the corresponding rigid body properties that appear at the bottom of the pane.


Rigid Body Properties

Default General Settings

Default rigid body general settings. Configured settings are applied to all new rigid bodies.

Name: Allows a custom name to be assigned to the rigid body. Default is "Rigid Body X" where x is the Rigid Body ID.

Smoothing: Applies Double Exponential Smoothing to position and orientation data. Increasing can smooth out noise in the rigid body data, but excessive smoothing can introduce lag. Valid range is 0 to 100. Default is 0 (disabled).

Deflection: The maximum distance in millimeters that a marker may deviate from its expected position before it is not considered as part of the rigid body. Lower deflection settings force the solver to be more strict with marker positions, creating a more accurate solve, but with higher risk of gaps in the data. Higher deflection settings can allow for more continuous data, but with the potential for less accuracy in the rigid body solve.

Latency Compensation: Compensate for system latency by predicting the rigid body into the future (ms).

Tracking Algorithm: Selected tracking algorithm. Levels increase tracking accuracy at increasing computational expense.

  • Level 1: Uses the standard marker based tracking.
  • Level 2: Similar to level 1, but uses the marker rays to solve the rigid body and will tend to deliver slightly better results.
  • Level 3: Solves using rays even if the reconstruction and triangulated 3d markers are incorrect. Also utilizes rays that are identified as untracked by the point cloud.
  • Level 4: Similar to level 3, but will additionally track when point cloud fails significantly and rigid body path is highly irregular and unpredictable.
  • Auto Select: Automatically select the algorithm that should be used depending on number of cameras in the system.

For Motive 1.10 and above:

  • Auto-Select: Depending on the system camera count, Motive determines whether to use the marker-based tracking or the the ray-based tracking. For systems with fewer than 5 cameras, or the Duo/Trio Tracking Bars, ray based tracking is used. For systems with higher camera counts, marker based tracking is used.
  • Marker Based: Standard marker based tracking. It uses 3D coordinates obtained by the Point Cloud reconstruction to solve position and orientation of the rigid body.
  • Ray Based: In addition to the standard marker tracking, ray based tracking also utilizes untracked rays and rigid body definitions to solve for the position and orientation of the rigid body. When a marker is occluded because it did not satisfy the minimum required number of the tracked rays, ray based tracking utilizes the remaining untracked ray and the corresponding rigid body asset definition to provide more stable tracking of the rigid body. In order to utilize the Ray Based tracking, the Reconstructed Markers Only setting must be disabled, and Ray-Based reconstructions must be allowed.


Enhance Performance: Localizes rigid body searching algorithm using the previous trajectory information. It reduces the processing load in distinguishing individual rigid bodies. It is recommended to enable this setting for each rigid body when tracking a high number of objects.

Share Markers: Allow markers of the respective rigid body to be used by other rigid bodies.

Unique: Indicates that this rigid body marker arrangement is not identical to another defined rigid body. When the tracked rigid body has a unique marker placement, setting this to true can improve tracking stability.

User ID: User definable data for the rigid body. When working with capture data in external pipelines, this value can be used to address specific rigid bodies in the scene.

Min Marker Count: The minimum number of tracked markers.

Calculation Time: Maximum amount of time to solve the rigid body per frame (ms).

Acquisition Delay: While a rigid body is untracked, only search the Point Cloud every Nth frame.

Default Static Constraints

Default orientation constraints configuration.

If you wish to limit Rigid body orientation, first create the rigid body while the subject is in desired orientation. Then set the Angle value for positive and negative rotation boundaries. After the angle value is defined, change the X/Y/Z values to 1 in order to apply the orientation constraints to only allow the axis to be oriented within the cone shaped boundaries.

For example, if 45 degree constraint is applied to Y-axis of the rigid body, rotations only up to +/- 45 degrees about the X and Z axes of the rigid body will be allowed, creating a cone shaped acceptable range of orientations for the Y-axis. If the rigid body is oriented out of this boundary, markers will be unlabeled.

Enforce: Enable static constraints.

X: X component of unit vector cone of allowable orientations. No restrictions when set to 0.

Y: Y component of unit vector cone of allowable orientations. No restrictions when set to 0.

Z: Z component of unit vector cone of allowable orientations. No restrictions when set to 0.

Angle: Maximum allowable angular deflection +/- of the unit cone vector (degrees).


Default Display Settings

Default rigid body asset display setting.

Color Option: Selects a color for the rigid body in the 3D Perspective View. When the coloring macro is set to cycle colors, Motive will automatically assign colors from a predefined list. When this macro is disabled, the color can be selected using a standard RGB triplet.

Label: Selects whether or not to display the rigid body name in the 3D Perspective View. If selected, a small label in the same color as the rigid body will appear over the centroid in the 3D Perspective View.

Tracked: Selects whether or not to show the rigid body in the 3D Perspective View when it is tracked.

Untracked: Selects whether or not to show the last known position of a rigid body in the 3D Perspective View after tracking has been lost. If enabled, the rigid body will appear somewhat remain frozen in the last known position before tracking was lost, until tracking is regained.

Pivot: Selects whether the pivot point of the rigid body is displayed.

Untracked Markers: When enabled, all markers that are part of the rigid body definition will be dimmed, but still visible, when not present in the point cloud.

Quality: Enabling will turn the connecting lines between markers in a rigid body red as the distance between the markers deviates from what was defined during the rigid body creation.

Marker Quality: Enables ranking of markers and highlights those with higher residuals in red. This setting can be useful in determining marker detection quality and troubleshooting issues based on detection.

Orientation: Enables the display of a rigid body's local coordinate axes. This option can be useful in visualizing the orientation of the rigid body, and for setting orientation offsets.

Position History: Shows a history of the rigid body’s position.

Orientation History: Shows a history of the rigid body’s orientation.

Model Replace: When a valid geometric model is loaded in the Attached Geometry section, the model will be displayed instead of a rigid body when this entry is set to true.

Attached Geometry: Loads the OBJ file to replace the rigid body. Scale, positions, and orientations of the attached geometry can be configured under the following Default Attached Geometry section.


Default History Settings

Default history settings.

History Length: Selects the number of frames’ worth of position or orientation history that is displayed when either option is turned on. Valid range is 1 to 1000. Default is 500.

Orientation Spread: Sets the spacing, in frames, between orientation history markers in the 3D Perspective View. Increasing this value will cause the markers to appear less frequently, which can improve visualization if the object is rotating at a slower pace. Valid range is 1 to 100. Default is 5.

Orientation Size: Sets the size of the orientation history icon in the 3D Perspective View. Valid range is 1 to 100. Default is 1.


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